Jul 24, 2024  
2022-2023 Undergraduate Catalog 
2022-2023 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Early Childhood Special Education, Birth to Age 5 (Certification), B.S.

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Due to changes in state teacher certification regulations, program requirements and grade spans are being revised. Hence, information in this catalog may not be fully updated to reflect the most current information. Please consult your advisor.


Endorsement 282: Teacher of Children with Disabilities (Birth to School-age five); - Endorsement 081:Teacher of Children Birth to Five

The University of Maine at Farmington prepares caring teachers, competent educators and confident professionals, grounded in the arts and sciences, who will become the educational leaders of the 21st century.

Major Requirements:

Early Childhood Special Education - Birth to 5 Certification option leads to Maine Teacher Certification a) Endorsement 282: Teacher of Children with Disabilities (Birth to School-age five) and b) Endorsement 081: Birth to Age Five.

Professional Education Courses

Students must have grades of B- or higher in all professional education courses, with the possibility of one exemption for extenuating circumstances, in order to achieve Candidacy and to graduate. Practica courses cannot be considered for exemption.

Teacher Disposition Assessment

All students are regularly assessed on essential dispositions and professional characteristics as a part of each practicum as well as internship/student teaching. Successful completion of teacher dispositions is clearly defined in practica/internship/student teaching syllabi and is necessary to achieve Candidacy.


Students entering ALL UMF Teacher Education programs ( ECH, ECS, ELE, SEC/Middle, SED, WLK-12 and School Health, School Health-PE) must be fingerprinted and have a Criminal History Record Check prior to their first practicum.

General Education Requirements

For specific information about general education requirements and expectations, see the General Education Requirements in the Academic Programs section of this catalog.


Students must attain a cumulative GPA of 2.75 or higher to graduate.

Major Requirements (82 Credits)

Other Requirements (8 Credits)

Electives (6 or 14 Credits)

Students must take elective courses of their choosing selected from the UMF catalog.

Maine State Certification Requirements:

These credits can be earned through general education requirements.

  1. Three credits in ENG courses in ENG 100  or an English course with an H designation
  2. Three credits in mathematics courses, typically MAT 103M  
  3. Three credits in social studies from the following disciplines: anthropology, geography, history, economics, or political science (psychology, sociology, and women’s studies courses do NOT fulfill this State requirement).

Minimum Total Credits for the Degree: 128


Students are eligible to apply for Candidacy upon the completion of Candidacy requirements. Applications for Candidacy are completed in Tk20. Only students who have been approved for Candidacy are eligible to continue in their professional education program. Candidacy requirements are:

  1. Completion of the Candidacy application
  2. Cumulative GPA of 2.75 or higher
  3. Grade of B- or better in all professional education courses. ( A student may have one exemption, although the student must earn a grade of C- or higher in that particular course. Practicum courses are not eligible for exemption.)
  4. Grade of C or better in English 100 (AP credit is accepted, as is an equivalent English course transferred with a grade of C or higher.)
  5. Successful completion of practicum/practica with a grade of B- or higher
  6. Successful completion of the Teacher Candidate Dispositions and Professional Expectations Assessment

Options 1 and 2


Prior to beginning Internship (ECS 479), student must meet these additional criteria:

1.     Completed all required professional education courses (see Major Requirements) with grades of B- or higher with the possibility of one exemption for extenuating circumstances (not including practicum courses).

2.     Earn a cumulative GPA of 2.75 or higher.

Students must pass ECS 479 with a B- or better


Option 3

Student Teaching

Prior to beginning student teaching, students must meet these additional criteria:

1.     Complete all required professional education courses with a grade of B- or higher.  A student may receive one exemption for extenuating circumstances. Practicum courses cannot be considered for exemption.

2.     Achieve a cumulative GPA of 2.75 or higher

Learning Goals and Assessment

Philosophy, Purposes and Goals:

Our candidates will become the educational leaders of the 21st century who are caring teachers, competent educators and collaborative professional leaders (C3TEP). These guiding principles and beliefs reflect the ideals we hold for ourselves, our candidates, and the students and communities with whom they will work.

Caring Teachers:

  • Build respectful relationships
  • Create communities of learners
  • Support and encourage successful learning for all students
  • Honor and respond to differences
  • Utilize knowledge of human development

Competent Educators:

  • Design, plan, implement and evaluate instruction
  • Use best practices for instruction and assessment
  • Know content and strategies for integration
  • Communicate clearly and effectively
  • Solve problems creatively and constructively
  • Use the tools of a changing world

Collaborative Professional Leaders:

  • Collaborate effectively with families, communities, and colleagues
  • Practice reflective, self-directed, life-long learning
  • Demonstrate a commitment to ethical and legal responsibilities
  • Contribute to and lead in diverse societies

Maine Standards for Initial Teacher Certification

Our essential goals and purposes are embodied in the Maine’s Common Core Teaching Standards:

Learner Development

Standard 1.) Learner Development:

The teacher understands how students learn and develop, recognizing that patterns of learning and development vary individually within and across the cognitive, linguistic, social, emotional, and physical areas, and designs and implements developmentally appropriate and challenging learning experiences.

Standard 2.) Learning Differences:

The teacher uses understanding of individual differences and diverse cultures and communities to ensure inclusive learning environments that allow each learner to reach his or her full potential.

Standard 3.) Learning Environments:

The teacher works with learners to create environments that support individual and collaborative learning, encouraging positive social interaction, active engagement in learning, and self motivation.


Standard 4.) Content Knowledge:

The teacher understands the central concepts, tools of inquiry, and structures of the discipline(s) he or she teaches and creates learning experiences that make these aspects of the discipline accessible and meaningful for learners.

Standard 5.) Innovative Applications of Content:

The teacher understands how to connect concepts and use differing perspectives to engage learners in critical/creative thinking, and collaborative problem solving related to authentic local and global issues.

Instructional Practice

Standard 6.) Assessment

The teacher understands and uses multiple methods of assessment to engage learners in their own growth, to document learner progress, and to guide the teacher’s on-going planning and instruction.

Standard 7.) Planning for Instruction:

The teacher draws upon knowledge of content areas, cross-disciplinary skills, learners, the community and pedagogy to plan instruction that supports every student in meeting rigorous learning goals.

Standard 8.) Instructional Strategies:

The teacher understands and uses a variety of instructional strategies to encourage learners to develop deep understanding of content areas and their connections, and to build skills to access and appropriately apply information.

Professional Responsibility

Standard 9.) Reflection and Continuous Growth:

The teacher is a reflective practitioner who uses evidence to continually evaluate his/her practice, particularly the effects of his/her choices and actions on others (students, families, and other professionals in the learning community), and adapts practice to meet the needs of each learner.

Standard 10.) Collaboration:

The teacher seeks appropriate leadership roles and opportunities to take responsibility for student learning, to collaborate with learners, families, colleagues, other school professionals, and community members to ensure learner growth, and to advance the profession.


Standard 11.) Technology Standards for Educators:

Educators model and apply the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE) Standards for Educators as they leverage technology to explore best practices and evolving pedagogies to enrich professional practices, and support and deepen student learning.

Assessment Criteria

Within the context of each program, candidates are evaluated based on important knowledge, skills and dispositions in the areas of:

  • Content Knowledge
  • Effective Planning
  • P-12 Learning
  • Diversity
  • Dispositions
  • Technology
  • Curriculum Planning, Instruction, and Assessment as demonstrated in Student Teaching or Internship
  • Achievement of Standards

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